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076 amphibious assault ship

However, flying wing UCAVs by virtue of their planform and configuration may have the potential to offer better radar signature reduction compared to contemporary fifth generation fighter planforms. GENERAL INFO. "The Internet and social media’s arrival in the region have led to unprecedented levels of grassroots activism across societies.". Indeed, while the Chinese aerospace industry has conducted pre-research into VSTOL, the path to develop a viable VSTOL combat aircraft would be long and costly and fraught with risk and delay. It will be able to carry up to 30 helicopters, as well as a number of amphibious tanks, armoured vehicles, jet boats, and hundreds of marine troops for land attacks and follow-up ground … The ship could be carrying unmanned fixed-wing aircraft to use the onboard EMALS as there were mentions about it – 无人机 – in the documents. However, other subsystems documented include a munitions elevator and a flight deck elevator capable of supporting a weight of 30 tons. Item 31 of the document two mention the flight deck – 飞行甲板. On Tuesday, the second of China’s Type 075 LHDs took to the seas for the first time. Devoting time, expertise, funds and industry to the development of such a unique aircraft with such a relatively limited production run would not make sense, unless other branches in the PLA also procured this aircraft or if China designed this aircraft with export in mind. The Wasp-class surface warships numbering eight-strong is operated by the United States Navy (USN) in the amphibious assault support role. In other words, a UCAV with competitive and relevant combat radii, endurance, and payload could enjoy a significantly lighter weight compared to a manned fifth generation fighter, reducing the rating (and thus potentially size and power consumption) of the 076’s EM catapult and arresting gear. What does the 14th five-year plan tell us about China’s? Specific types of UAVs and UCAVs included a flying wing UCAV (possibly a navalized derivative of the GJ-11, a mockup of which was shown at the 70th anniversary National Day parade in 2019), as well as a conventional high altitude long endurance UAV known as “Wind Shadow,” which has previously been observed at the catapult testing facility at the Chinese Navy’s (PLAN’s) Huangdicun naval air station. With the Nepal Communist Party cracking apart, Beijing is scrambling to preserve its interests. … Whispers of 076, China’s Drone Carrying Assault Carrier By Rick Joe. For the modern threat environment into the 2020s and decades beyond, such an aircraft would inevitably require a high level of stealth and capable sensors and weapons. Share Article. One of the most controversial questions surrounding the 076 is whether it will be capable of operating the manned aircraft that the PLAN’s future large deck CATOBAR carriers will field, such as the future FC-31 derived carrier-borne fighter. Successors 1 craft(s) +7 bonus; Created On: Windows; Game Version: 0.9.404.0; Price: $85,005k; Number of Parts: 1117; … All military forces have a desired force requirement and a desired “critical mass” to aspire toward. These documents revealed some interesting specifications for the warship. New details have emerged in Chinese media about the proposed Type 076 landing helicopter dock (LHD), a unique variant of that type of warship that would combine a helicopter carrier, a catapult aircraft launching system and a docking area for amphibious landing craft. However, other subsystems documented include a munitions elevator and a flight deck elevator capable of supporting a weight of 30 tons. It also reveals its weaknesses. So the main role of 076 is still LHA,not a UCAV carrier, or a hybrid carrier.The ejection UCAV is intended only to replace some of the attack helicopter and reconnaissance functions. This entails the launching of men-and-machine from offshore to bring the fight to the enemy onshore and beyond. A well deck is one of the cardinal features expected for a ship with an amphibious assault mission, and its inclusion aboard the 076 points to it still deserving the classic “LHD” designation. The 25k ton Type 071 LPD is similar to the San Antonio class. What do we know so far about China’s next amphibious assault ship? What do we know so far about China’s next amphibious assault ship? A trove of tender documents from China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s (CSSC) 708 Research Institute has revealed plans for a Type 076 amphibious assault ship. Whispers of 076, China’s Drone Carrying Assault Carrier – The … The ship is equipped with one or two electromagnetic catapult and arresting cables. The 076 at present is best thought of as an LHD with catapults and arresting gear to enable CATOBAR fixed wing flight operations. South Korea's government is banking on AI as part of its post-COVID recovery. As Beijing’s great rivalry with Washington turns openly hostile, and the US military seeks to reassert its traditional dominance in the Asia-Pacific region, the planned ship … 20. The value of the two approaches can only be assessed in context of each navy’s own respective naval aviation and amphibious assault strategy. The Xi’an Incident changed the course of Chinese history. The presence of an angled flight deck aboard aircraft carriers is one of the more obvious examples of this. Larger flight deck area and “carrier” flight deck geometry enables more efficient and higher tempo fixed wing flight operations. Numbers of Chinese and U.S. Navy Battle Force Ships, 2000-2030 ..... 32 Table 3. The construction of 076. On Thursday, Sputnik reported on the leaking of documents online pointing to a … One of the most recent and fast-moving credible rumors to come from the online communities watching the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) is a new landing helicopter dock (LHD) type vessel dubbed the 076. However, the development of a new VSTOL combat aircraft is far from fast or inexpensive, and given the Chinese aerospace industry has never developed a VSTOL combat aircraft in the past, this would represent a significant undertaking. Also mentioned is a “UAV deck.”. Finally, an LHD is designed with capacity to carry vehicles and accommodating a floodable well deck for the mission of amphibious assault – roles that carriers do not fulfill. While India and Pakistan argue and fight over the fate of Kashmir, is anyone listening to the Kashmiris? Such an aircraft will certainly be inferior to F-35Bs in the air-to-air role, barring some significant advancement in UAV autonomy. Therefore, the current body of evidence suggests the 076 will be an LHD first, and a CATOBAR carrier second, with its CATOBAR provisions seeking to provide fixed wing aerial capabilities to enable the 076 to carry out its amphibious assault role. The new ships would be a more advanced version of the Type 075 vessels that have yet to enter service. A recently leaked request for proposals (RFP) points to an amphibious assault ship with an electromagnetic aircraft catapult and arresting gear. Developing a fifth generation strike fighter is within the Chinese aerospace industry’s capability; developing such an aircraft that is also VSTOL capable is something else entirely. The Type 075 amphibious assault ship needs to undergo more sea trials, and compared to the Yellow Sea or the East China Sea, the South China Sea has bigger waves and stronger winds, Song Zhongping, a Chinese military expert and TV commentator, told the Global Times on Wednesday. However, there are also key differences between an LHD and a proper carrier. A UAV such as this would likely fulfill a complementary, lower end, long endurance surveillance and datalinking role for the overall task force, and be expected to operate in more permissive environments than a flying wing UCAV. The procurement potential for a dedicated VSTOL fighter is also somewhat limited. … [+] H I SUTTON The Chinese Navy is building assault carriers to support amphibious operations, like a possible invasion of Taiwan or landings on disputed islands in the South China Sea. The exact capability of this UCAV will depend on its size; however, any aircraft between the size of a navalized GJ-11 or something larger like the U.S. Navy’s X-47B demonstrator would provide a very credible stealthy strike capability relevant for high intensity conflict scenarios. Many of these are taken from the rare 076 class request for proposal documents found by online sleuths. A total of seven documents were published, the first on May 19 and the latest one on Jul. An amphibious assault ship is a type of amphibious warfare ship employed to land and support ground forces on enemy territory by an amphibious assault. This will feed a direct current electrical system – item 24. An angle deck design was never mentioned in the documents, suggesting that the ship will have a straight deck. Even generously assuming the PLAN eventually pursues a fleet of 10 LHD ships similar to the Wasp or America class capable of operating a hypothetical VSTOL fighter, the total number of VSTOL fighters needed to outfit 10 such ships would number less than 200. The Chinese Navy is building assault carriers to support amphibious operations, like a possible invasion of Taiwan or landings on disputed islands in the South China Sea. Not to mention, such an aircraft would require a sufficiently high performance turbofan to enable VSTOL operations for a large strike fighter with relevant payload, range, and stealth in the first place. USN needs to refit LHDs to better accommodate the F-35B, U.S. Navy to christen amphibious assault ship America, Turkey’s amphibious assault ship to be ready in February 2019, USS Bonhomme Richard starts first patrol as forward deployed amphibious assault ship. Rick Joe is a longtime follower of Chinese military developments, with a focus on air and naval platforms. Comparisons between the 076 and its Western contemporaries will likely be made in the future, as the 076 emerges as a more visible and concrete project; however, it is valuable early on to recognize that the 076’s airwing will not be designed to fulfill the same variety of air-to-air, strike, and ISR missions in the same supersonic capable package that F-35B is. The Type 075 is estimated to have a displacement of about 40,000 tonnes and is China’s largest – and the world’s third largest – amphibious assault ship, behind the US Wasp-class and America-class. Click here to subscribe for full access. The Japanese carriers of the same period – Akagi and Kaga – had three flight decks. Finally, a fleet of carrier-borne UCAVs and UAVs would be capable of operating from both 076s as well as future catapult aircraft carriers (003 and onwards). The propulsion of the 076 will include 21 megawatt gas turbines and diesel engines, as well as a medium voltage direct current integrated power system. The tycoon-funded vaccine drive demonstrates the durability of the patronage state that Hun Sen has built since the 1980s. What we know about the 075 Landing Helicopter Dock and other expected additions to the PLAN amphibious assault fleet. The other type of UAV that the 076 is likely to field would be a more conventional long endurance UAV, such as a variation of the jet powered Wind/Cloud Shadow drone, which adopts a proven platform similar to that of aircraft like Global Hawk, and is thought to have a carrier compatible variant in advanced development. China is about to finish the current phase of destroyer construction. A floodable well deck is also explicitly described, enabling the deployment of vehicles and amphibious craft from ship to land. Before examining the plausibility, logic, and role of the 076 and its airwing, it is first instructive to review the current body of understanding for the 076’s general characteristics. China plans to develop a new amphibious assault ship dubbed type 076 LHD July 29, 2020 GDC Naval Platforms 0 Chinese shipbuilder is planning to build a more powerful amphibious assault ship that would be able to carry more helicopters and drones and help the country’s marine corps to fight more effectively on the high seas. This 076 class LHD was first brought to the attention of the community in mid-2020, and in a rather unprecedented fashion a number of official request for proposal documents were found, and some credible insiders with established track records began to speak about the details of 076. Sputnik was among the first to report on the new warship. Recently, pictures of my country’s third 075 ship appeared on the Internet. Numbers of Certain Types of Chinese and U.S. Royal Navy official photographer / Public domain. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious … Will the Biden administration finally end the U.S. presence in Afghanistan? So having two flight decks could theoretically improve launch and recovery cycle of aircraft. Get briefed on the story of the week, and developing stories to watch across the Asia-Pacific. The hybrid warships promise to dramatically expand China’s amphibious assault capabilities. About Us, Write Another Mekong dam project threatens to cost the former royal capital its UNESCO World Heritage status. The Type 075 is an amphibious assault carrier of which three are under construction and the first is conducting its sea trials. According to a report of South China … Credit: 星海军事/ Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. This concept was pioneered on British Courageous-class aircraft carriers in the 1920s. Either way, this system is considered to be somewhat mature and is expected aboard the 054B frigate as well as the eventual 055A class succeeding the 055 destroyer. The expected relatively small size and limited geometry of the 076’s flight deck makes it unlikely the ship will routinely operate manned fixed wing aircraft, and the likely downrated catapults and arresting gear means it will be unable to launch and recover manned aircraft at their maximum loads. Photos posted on Sina Weibo showed the 40,000-ton warship - part helicopter carrier, part amphibious assault dock - being escorted by tugboats out of Shanghai’s Hudong-Zhonghua shipyard and into the open … A trove of tender documents from China State Shipbuilding Corporation’s (CSSC) 708 Research Institute has revealed plans for a Type 076 amphibious assault ship. Royal Navy official photographer / Public domain A total of seven documents were published, the first on May 19 and the latest one on Jul. The aforementioned EMCAT and the arresting gear are the most noteworthy subsystems relevant to flight operations. China's first Type 075, which was launched in September 2019, successfully completed its first sea … Before long, the PLAN could have the dominant amphibious capability in the Western Pacific. A navalized, stealthy, flying wing UCAV is expected to provide the 076 with its primary fixed wing strike and high intensity surveillance capability, far beyond what could be provided with helicopters. Furthermore, credible insiders have spoken of the 076 still as an “amphibious assault ship” like 075. As if it was not already rather jarring to consider an LHD equipped with catapults and arresting gear – essentially making such a ship technically a “CATOBAR” carrier (Catapult Assisted Take Off But Arrested Recovery) – those same insiders then revealed the primary fixed wing complement of 076 would consist of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or UCAVs for combat). But it also needs to work towards making domestic industries competitive. These are similar to the America and Wasp class LHDs. For example, the longer endurance of unmanned aircraft may reduce the need for higher tempo flight operations and sortie rates that manned aircraft could demand, which an LHD would be incapable of executing in the first place. Ships Since 2005 ..... 30 Table 2. A well deck is one of the cardinal features expected for a ship with an amphibious assault mission, and its inclusion aboard the 076 points to it still deserving the classic “LHD” designation. China’s next-generation Type-076 Assault Carrier may be equipped with an EMALS aircraft catapult. for Us. It is not known how many catapults 076 will field, or what its flight deck will look like (such as whether it will include an angled flight deck), nor is it known exactly when construction of the first 076 can be expected or how many 076s will be procured. Recovery cycle of aircraft will certainly be inferior to F-35Bs in the documents, suggesting that the ship will an! 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