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Before the U.S. Constitution was the law of the land, there were the Articles of Confederation. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'article.' Corrections? Even if they did not pay, the effort required to mount a military operation at a distance from the imperial centre was so great that only in exceptional circumstances would it be undertaken, and even then it might not succeed, as the kings of Persia found when they launched punitive expeditions from Asia Minor against mainland Greece at the beginning of the 5th century bce (see Greco-Persian Wars). Gradually civilization spread northward and around the Fertile Crescent. The earliest cities for which there exist records appeared around the mouths of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. In early Sumer, it is reasonable to assume, the heads of the first cities, which were little more than enlarged villages, only gradually assumed the special attributes of monarchy—the rule of one—and the village council only gradually undertook a division of labour, so that some specialized as priests and others as warriors, farmers, or tax gatherers (key figures in every civilized society). ), clause in a statute or will, item or detail of concern," borrowed from Anglo-French & Latin; Anglo-French, borrowed from Latin articulus "connecting point of two bones, joint, part of a limb or digit between two joints, point of time, clause of a document, pronoun or pronominal adjective," from artus (genitive artūs) "joint, limb, part of the body" + -culus, diminutive suffix; Latin artus going back to Indo-European *h2r̥-tú- "joining" (zero-grade derivative of the verbal base *h2er- "fit, join"), whence also Greek artýs "order, arrangement" (recorded only by the grammarian Hesychius; from which Greek artýein "to arrange, prepare"), Armenian ard (genitive ardu) "order," Sanskrit ṛtúḥ "fixed time, order, rule," Avestan ratu- "period of time" — more at arm entry 3. Articles of Confederation synonyms, Articles of Confederation pronunciation, Articles of Confederation translation, English dictionary definition of Articles of Confederation. What is the definition of government? Second, “good governance” lacks differentiation. Several modern nations, such … Definition of a State Government. Articles of Incorporation: The document that must be filed with an appropriate government agency, commonly the office of the Secretary of State , if the owners of a business want it to be given legal recognition as a corporation. 435-436). See more. LiveScience - What Are the Different Types of Governments? This broader understanding of government is part of many dependency grammars . Omissions? Specifically, it is the planning, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling of government operations. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Updates? It includes the processes, roles and policies, standards and metrics that ensure the effective and efficient use of information in enabling an organization to achieve its goals. These nomads had retained the loose and simple institutions of primitive societies, but they had in other ways evolved as rapidly and successfully as the cities themselves (and partly under the cities’ influence). Note: There was a king in Macedonia and a king in Persia, but the two societies, and therefore their institutions, were radically different. c : a stipulation in a document (such as a contract or a creed) … But it is noteworthy that, in the end, what may be described as the ancient norm always reasserted itself, whether in Europe, the Middle East, India, or China. As a grammatical term Latin articulus was a translation of Greek árthron "connecting point, joint," which in the Stoic grammatical tradition designated both the pronoun (árthron hōrísmenon "definite article") and the article (árthron aóriston/aorístōdes "indefinite article," though Greek possessed only what is now considered a definite article in traditional grammar). Any general account of monarchy required then, and requires today, an inquiry as to what circumstances have predisposed societies to adopt monarchy and what have led them to reject it. that ensures that people within a … 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1a, Middle English, "item or statement (in a set of rules, doctrines, etc. Government, the political system by which a country or a community is administered and regulated. ‘She advocates the control of the excesses of capitalism by regulation and government.’. What is the definition of governance? The history of Old World monarchy, and indeed of civilization, was to consist largely of variations on the patterns mentioned above for four or five millennia. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The simplest definition of local government is that this kind. The federal government guarantees a republican form of government in each state, protects the nation and the people from foreign or domestic violence, and determines how new states can join the Union. It was at such times that the spontaneous ingenuity of humankind had greatest play, in politics as in everything else. ; political administration: Government is necessary to the existence of civilized society. Definition of government 1 : the body of persons that constitutes the governing authority of a political unit or organization: such as a : the officials comprising the governing body of a political unit and constituting the organization as an active agency The government was slow to react to the crisis. So it is with all political terms. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Professor of public relations and applied communications Jacquie L'Etang (2009) defines public relations as "the occupation held responsible for the 'management' or improvement of organizational relationships and reputation" (p. 609). Feudalism. Article IV – The States. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Conquerors came and went, but life for their subjects, whether peasants or townspeople, was not much altered by anything they did, as long as the battles happened elsewhere. Accessed 24 Jan. 2021. Military crises—barbarian invasions, civil wars, or war between competing polities—recurred, necessitating the strengthening of government. The wars of Sumer also laid bare another imperative of monarchy—the drive for empire, arising from the need to defend and define frontiers by extending them and the need to find new means to pay for troops and weapons, whether by the plunder of an enemy or by the conquest of new lands, or both. Slippery Words Quiz—Changing with the Times. Parliamentary democracy. Chieftains, if any, had strictly limited powers; some tribes did without chieftains altogether. The Articles of Confederation, formally named the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, was an agreement among all thirteen original states in the United States of America that served as its first constitution. National government definition: A national government is a government with members from more than one political party,... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Nevertheless, from time to time experiments were made, for no monarchy had the resources to rule all its subjects directly. It became necessary also to devise a calendar, so as to know when the spring floods might be expected. You might even think about words like 'power' or 'control' or 'rules' or 'politics.' Read more in this article about the forms and historical development of governments in the societies of the West from ancient times to the 21st century. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The steppe was horse country, and, armed with bows and arrows, the barbarians of all epochs possessed marvelously swift and deadly light cavalry. Define Articles of Confederation. Delivered to your inbox! Corporate governance is the structure of rules, practices, and processes used to direct and manage a company. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Take a moment and try. 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While all types of organizations have governance, the term … 348 bce), but even in Plato’s time the term was not self-explanatory. Article 5 The States whose Governments have been invited to send observers to the International Health Conference held in New York, 1946, may become. Here's a comprehensive list of article on nonprofit governance to get you started. 1. Public administration, the implementation of government policies. an individual object, member, or portion of a class; an item or particular: an article of food; articles of clothing. 1.2. mass noun The action or manner of controlling or regulating a state, organization, or people. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Government definition, the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a state, community, etc. There are hundreds of acronyms used by the federal government. American citizens have the right to vote for Senators and Representatives through free, confidential ballots. Gartner defines information governance as the specification of decision rights and an accountability framework to ensure appropriate behavior in the valuation, creation, storage, use, archiving and deletion of information. However, such verbal and psychological uniformity must not be allowed to hide the enormous changes in society and politics that have occurred. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary. Most of the key words commonly used to describe governments—words such as monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy—are of Greek or Roman origin. Their daughter cities—Carthage, Utica, and Cádiz—were the first colonies, but primitive communications made it impossible for Phoenicia to rule them. Maybe you get a mental picture of the president or Congress. Professor of History, University of Essex, Colchester, England. In an increasingly-globalized world, … Either the invaders would overrun the settled lands and then adopt civilized customs, or the frontier defenses would prove strong enough to hold them off. This suggests that humankind has not altered very much since they were coined. Government is so ingrained in our culture and so much a part of our everyday lives that most of us, wh… | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples North Dakota's Ethics Commission can write rules defining "lobby" and "lobbyist" pertaining to gift restrictions, according to Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem. These include white papers, government data, original reporting, and interviews with industry experts. b : a separate clause. The effort to secure a measure of peace and prosperity required the assertion of authority over vast distances, the raising of large armies, and the gathering of taxes to pay for them. Definition of article. Government is a means by which organizational policies are enforced, as well as a mechanism for determining policy. As those skills evolved, society evolved with them. 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